Since I choose the major Media Production, I know that clearly it is a hard road for me to walk. Especially for a girl, Media is not a relax job. It need us to own passion and always keep the enthusiasm. Sometimes you will feel so tired when you focus on doing this job, therefore, after you finished one programme or video you will have a strong sense of satisfaction and rejoice.I think this is other people who didn’t get in touch with media production never experienced.

I alway think about that the interest is the best impetus for people to do an outstanding work. For me, I am interested in media, so I have confidence to do it well.

I should not only continue to learn professional knowledge, improve my learning ability, but also comb and review the knowledge learning during university omni-directional and systematically. And try my best to improve practice ability.

In understanding the employment channels, search recruitment information at the same time, as far as possible to familiarize myself entering a trade, departments and posts. During this time  adjust my own state of mind, learn to think calmly, embrace starts from the minor matter, starts from the basic of mood, maximize performance of his ability. In the job, improve my learn ability to cope with the pressure.

I believe: the opportunity is always give the person who has prepared, so I believe that as long as toward that goal, we must go ahead, embrace a better tomorrow!

Evaluation and reflection : FOR ASSESSMENT

1. How to Become Vision Mixer

This job requires sound knowledge of video engineering and computer technology. The vision mixer should be well versed with the use of various visual equipments and creative to mix various graphic and visual effects along with skills of correct timing and quick innovative ideas. The job is a combination of technical and creative aspects together.

2. Vision Mixer Course, Training Programmes

Most vision mixer start their career as visual technician or graphic operators. One can work under a senior vision mixer to gain practical knowledge of the job. Engineering course and certificate programme in digital technology are useful to prospective candidates.

3. Vision Mixer Job Opportunities/Recruitment/Salary

Vision mixer work at hourly basis and at contract basis as well as. Therefore, the salary and benefits depend on the work experience of the person and the hiring company. However many large media houses provide permanent employment in this field. A median salary for this job is $29,000.

4. Vision Mixer Job Opportunities/Recruitment/Salary

Vision mixer work at hourly basis and at contract basis as well as. Therefore, the salary and benefits depend on the work experience of the person and the hiring company. However many large media houses provide permanent employment in this field. A median salary for this job is $29,000.

4. Evaluation myself

I think there is a long way for me to be a professional vision mixer.But I will try my best to learn tecnology and develop my knowledge about media.Vision mixer is a job I really attract to,so I have confidence to have a good goal in this interesting job.

All the time since I was better understand myself,comprehensive peripheral classmates and teachers to my evaluation, I summarized the following advantages:

First, a character cheerful, optimistic positive upward. No matter what happened I will look on the bright side, as far as possible let oneself not so passive. Second, I like something new challenge , like creative things, and willing to try. Third, I have strong ability of understanding and language, good at communicating with the human, also disposition quite lively. Fourth, I have strong ability to learn, I can handle serious and responsible work better. When it has some problems my first thought was how to solve problems rather than account responsibility.

Relative, I also have the following weakness: consider things not thoughtful enough and sometimes I was a little bit rushed.So I will try to correct my shortcomings.

5.Evaluation employment environment

After finish my master degree,I will go back to my country.Because I wanted to accompany at parents side. In China, the number of college graduates was 61 million in 2011, college students’ employment will face more serious situation. In this situation, as a media production student,  compared to other major students, extensive employment channels is our unique advantage.

Combined with the recent years my hometown Hangzhou’s employment environment,media production students’ employment outlook is optimistic and challenging.


 1.  What Does a Vision Mixer Do?

The main purpose of a vision mixer is to create a master output for a real-time video recording or broadcast. Typically vision mixers are used for live events, or any event where multiple sources need to be mixed in real-time. Vision mixers can also be used to create various visual effects, from simple mixes and wipes between sources to advanced composite effects.

Vision mixers can also be used to create various visual effects, from simple mixes and wipes between sources to advanced composite effects.

As a job, vision mixers are technicians who work at a console in the gallery or studio control room. They are responsible for controlling the vision mixing desk: the pictures viewers see on their television are the result of the work of the vision mixer.

2.  The main concept of vision mixer

The main concept of a professional vision mixer is the bus, basically a row of buttons with each button representing a video source. Pressing such a button will select the video out of that bus. Older video mixers had two equivalent buses. One of these buses could be selected as the main out bus. Most modern mixers, however, have one bus that is always the program bus, the second main bus being the preview bus. These mixers are called flip-flop mixers, since the selected source of the preview and program buses can be exchanged. Both preview and program bus usually have their own video monitor.

Another main feature of a vision mixer is the transition lever, also called a T-bar or Fader Bar. This lever, similar to an audio fader, creates a smooth transition between two buses. Note that in a flip-flop mixer, the position of the main transition lever does not indicate which bus is active, since the program bus is always the active or hot bus. Instead of moving the lever by hand, a button can be used, which performs the transition over a user-defined period of time. Another button, usually labeled “cut” or “take”, directly swaps the buses without any transition. The type of transition used can be selected in the transition section. Common transitions include dissolves and pattern wipes.

The third bus on a vision mixer is the key bus. A mixer can actually have more than one of these, but they usually share only one set of buttons. Here, a signal can be selected for keying into the program. The image that will be seen in the program is called the fill, while the mask used to create the key’s translucence is called the source. This source, e.g. chrominance, luminance, pattern or split and can be selected in the keying section of the mixer. Note that instead of the key bus, other video sources can be selected for the fill signal, but the key bus is usually the most convenient method for selecting a key fill. Usually, a key is turned on and off the same way a transition is. For this, the transition section can be switched from program mode to key mode. Often, the transition section allows background video and one or more keyers to be transitioned separately or in any combination with one push of the “auto” button.

These three main buses together form the basic mixer section called Program/Preset or P/P. Bigger production mixers may have a number of additional sections of this type, which are called Mix/Effects and numbered. Any M/E section can be selected as a source in the P/P stage, making the mixer operations much more versatile, since effects or keys can be composed “offline” in an M/E and then go “live” at the push of one button.

After the P/P section, there is another keying stage called the downstream keyer. It is mostly used for keying text or graphics, and has its own “Cut” and “Mix” buttons. The signal before the downstream keyer is called clean feed. After the downstream keyer is one last stage that overrides any signal with black, usually called FTB or Fade To Black.

Modern vision mixers may also have additional functions, such as machine control, aux channels for routing signals to other sources than the program out, macro programming, and Digital Video Effects capabilities. Mixers are often equipped with effects memory registers, which can store a snapshot of any part of a complex mixer configuration and then recall the setup with one button press.


1.   Career Description

A vision mixer is a significant part of television and cinema industry. The vision mixer view the different type of images such as digital image, various camera angles, graphics and digital effects and then combine them in to a smooth and easy transition of picture. Vision mixer generally works under the director as per their necessities of picture presentation. Vision mixer also edits the live programmes as per the instructions of director.

2.   Typical work activities include:

  • viewing different types of image from a variety of sources, for example pictures from several cameras, digital video effects, graphics and outside broadcast materials;
  • under instructions from the director, selecting the required images and combining them, ensuring a smooth transition between shots – this involves ‘cutting’, ‘mixing’ and ‘wiping’;
  • controling which camera goes on air, according to the camera script.

3.   Examples

The Panasonic AW-SW350 is a compact half-rack vision mixer with five Y/C and composite video inputs. This would be suitable for a small production studio or field production unit.

The Sony BVS-3200CP is a relatively small desk console suitable for a moderately-sized production unit or OB.

The Snell & Wilcox Kahuna HD/SD console is a monster-sized mixer suitable for large production environments.

 Ross Video Vision 4 at Current TV

A Sony BVS-3200CP vision mixer.

4.   Term usage

Typically a vision mixer would be found in a professional television production environment such as a television studio, cable broadcast facility, commercial production facility, remote truck/OB Van or linear video editing bay. The term can also refer to the person operating the device.

Vision mixer and video mixer are almost exclusively European terms to describe both the equipment and operators. In the United States, the equipment is called a production switcher and operator is known as a TD or technical director.

5.   Capabilities and usage in TV production

Besides hard cuts mixers can also generate a variety of transitions, from simple dissolves to pattern wipes. Additionally, most vision mixers can perform keying operations and generate color signals. Most vision mixers are targeted at the professional market, with newer analog models having component video connections and digital ones using SDI. They are used in live and video taped television productions and for linear video editing, even though the use of vision mixers in video editing has been largely supplanted by computer based non-linear editing.
Older professional mixers worked with analog composite video inputs. There are still a number of consumer video switchers with composite video, S-Video or even FireWire available. These are often used for VJing, presentations, and small multi-camera productions.

Process/Development : FOR ASSESSMENT

1.  Why I choose Media Production?

I have learned 3 years News Editing and Production in Zhejiang University of Media and Communications before I came to Coventry University. When I learning this major, I found I was interested in doing some aspects of media production, so I wonder to continue my study of Media Production.

Media is a subject which has always been of an interest to me from a young age, particularly radio. I have always been interested in broadcasting shows on a radio station from a young age. I have also found other aspects of the media such as the Internet and Journalism interesting. The different types of media all have a powerful influence in today’s society and are part of everyone’s lives.

Everyone knows that along with the computer technology, network technology and digital communication technology high speed development and integration, the traditional radio, television, cinema quickly developed toward to digital audio, digital video, digital movies.Media production and the growing popularity of computer animation, virtual reality is composed of the new generation of digital media.Digital media art professional is a broad caliber mainly by technology, art is complementary, combination of technology and art new professional.

The reason why I chose to study the Media Production course at university is because it tackles the challenges in the developments of the latest technologies of the media field. The subject of media production is a subject which I find interesting and allows me to understand what goes on behind the scenes. I am always looking forward to develop my knowledge of the media industry further, and this course has allowed me to do so.

2.  What will I do after graduate?

I didn’t really understand what I wanted to be until my tutor Karen asked us to study in the TV studio.In these five days, L2 students teach us how to operate all the studio equipment. Everyone has his job in TV studio, I worked as a vision mixer, and I was fond of doing this job.

Therefore, I am not willing to work at once after graduate.I think I will continue my master degree in Coventry University.I have received the conditional offer foe CCM,but now I am confused if I will learning Media Production as my master degree.Because I am still interested in developing my knowledge of the media industry further.

I’d like to doing a job like vision mixer when I graduate after master degree.I really enjoyed at a console in the gallery controlling the pictures on the screen.And I have a strong feeling how to control it. So I’d like to be a vision mixer in the future.

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